Child Vaccinations
 

Why should my child be vaccinated?

One of the most important things that a parent can do for their child is to make sure that they have all their routine childhood vaccinations. It is the most effective way of keeping them protected against infectious diseases.

As a parent, you may not like seeing your baby or child being given an injection. However vaccination is an important step in protecting your child against a range of serious and potentially fatal diseases.

Vaccinations are quick, safe and extremely effective. Once your child has been vaccinated against a disease, their body can fight that disease more effectively if they come into contact with it.

If a child is not vaccinated they will be at increased risk of catching the illness.

If more parents have their children vaccinated then more children in the community will be protected against catching an illness. This lowers the chance of an outbreak of the disease.


When should my child be vaccinated?

There is a recommended timetable for childhood vaccinations routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them:

2 months:

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib, a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumonia or meningitis in young children) and Hepatitis B given as a 6-in-1 single jab known as DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB.
  • Pneumococcal
  • Rotavirus
  • Meningitis B 


3 months: 

  • 6-in-1, second dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB)
  • Rotavirus  


4 months:

  • 6-in-1, third dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB)
  • Pneumococcal, second dose.
  • Meningitis B


Between 12 and 13 months:

  • Hib/Men C given as a single jab.
  • MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), given as a single jab.
  • Pneumococcal, third dose.
  • Meningitis B


3 years and 4 months, or soon after:

  • MMR second jab
  • Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DtaP/IPV), given as a 4-in-1 pre-school booster.


Around 12-13 years:

  • Cervical cancer (HPV) vaccine, which protects against cervical cancer (girls only): three jabs given within six months.


Around 13-18 years:

  • Diphtheria, tetanus and polio booster (Td/IPV), given as a single jab.
  • Meningitis ACWY

Download Childhood Immunisation Schedule.


Please book an appointment with our practice nurse for any of the above vaccinations. If you are not sure if you or your child have had all the recommended vaccinations please contact the us.

There is currently a shortage of BCG vaccinations for newborn babies. If your baby did not receive one at birth from the hospital, please contact NHS England via england.contactus@nhs.net for further information and advice.


What about the MMR?

The MMR protects against three diseases: measles mumps and rubella. All of them can have serious complications:

  • Measles causes a range of symptoms, which can include ear infection, bronchitis, convulsions (fits) and brain damage. Measles can be fatal.
  • Mumps used to be the main cause of viral meningitis in children. It also causes temporary deafness, miscarriage, inflammation of the pancreas and pain and swelling in the testicles in men.
  • Rubella can lead to painful joints, blood disorders and swelling of the brain (encephalitis). It damages unborn babies and may cause miscarriage if women catch the disease while pregnant. Babies born with congenital rubella syndrome may have some degree of deafness, blindness and damage to their heart or brain.


There has been some controversy about the MMR vaccine in recent years, following a study published in The Lancet in 1998 by Dr Andrew Wakefield. His initial study appeared to show a link between the MMR vaccine and autism and bowel disease. However, his research was not carried out correctly and has since been discredited.

Subsequent studies have been unable to find a link between MMR and autism or bowel disease.

Further information can be found from NHS Vaccinations For Kids website.